absolute


absolute
/ˈæbsəlut / (say 'absuhlooht)

adjective
1. free from imperfection; complete; perfect: *He enjoyed, as always, the absolute quiet of the little garden house after the buzz and jangle of the city –c.j. koch, 1978.
2. not mixed; pure.
3. free from restriction or limitation; unqualified: *Fitness, cunning and rock-fast determination were absolute requirements, which, collectively, are called `guts'. –john j. encarnacao, 1985.
4. arbitrary or despotic: *His father, the sultan, has absolute control over the lands in his State. –blanche d'alpuget, 1981.
5. viewed independently; not comparative or relative: absolute position.
6. positive: absolute in opinion.
7. fundamental; irreducible: *Other things followed, just the absolute necessaries of life — a stretcher bedstead, a table and two chairs, a couple of cups and saucers and a teapot. –mary gaunt, 1897.
8. Grammar
a. (of a phrase) not explicitly connected with any other element in the sentence, as It being Monday in It being Monday, she had to start work early.
b. (of a transitive verb) used with no object expressed, as to give in the collectors for the charity asked him to give.
c. (of an adjective) having its noun understood, not expressed, as poor in the poor are always with us.
d. (of a possessive pronoun) used independently as a noun phrase, as mine in mine was the objection.
e. characterising the phonetic or phonemic form of a word or phrase occurring by itself, not influenced by surrounding forms (distinguished from sandhi form). Example: `not' in `is not' as opposed to `isn't', or `will' in `they will' as opposed to `they'll'.
9. Physics
a. independent of arbitrary standards or of properties of special substances or systems: absolute zero of temperature.
b. relating to a system of units based on some primary units, especially units of length, mass, and time: SI units are absolute units.
c. relating to a measurement based on an absolute zero or unit: absolute pressure.
10. Law (of a court order, decree, etc.) unconditional; having full effect immediately (opposed to nisi).
noun
11. something which is unrestricted, unconditioned, and unqualified: an absolute in this discussion is a belief in the family unit.
{Middle English, from Latin absolūtus, past participle, loosened from}
absoluteness, noun

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • absolute — ab·so·lute adj 1 a: free from qualification, condition, exception, or restriction rights that even seem absolute have these qualifications Long v. Rockwood, 277 U.S. 142 (1927) see also absolute ownership at ownership compare …   Law dictionary

  • Absolute — Ab so*lute, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See {Absolve}.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Absolute — may mean:Philosophy * Absolute (philosophy), a concept in philosophy * Moral absolutes, the belief that there are absolute standards against which moral questions can be judgedMath and science * Absolute value, in mathematics, the value of a real …   Wikipedia

  • absolute — [ab′sə lo͞ot΄, ab΄sə lo͞ot′] adj. [ME absolut < L absolutus, pp. of absolvere, to loosen from: see ABSOLVE] 1. perfect; complete; whole [absolute silence] 2. not mixed; pure [absolute alcohol] 3. not limited by a constitution, parliament,… …   English World dictionary

  • absolute — (adj.) late 14c., unrestricted; complete, perfect; also not relative to something else (mid 15c.), from M.Fr. absolut (14c., O.Fr. asolu, Mod.Fr. absolu), from L. absolutus, pp. of absolvere to set free, make separate (see ABSOLVE (Cf. absolve)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • absolute — 1 *pure, simple, sheer Analogous words: *perfect, whole, entire: *real, true: *abstract, ideal: *consummate, finished Antonyms: mixed, qualified Contrasted words: incomplete (see affirmative adjective at …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Absolute — est un groupe français de fusion metal originaire de la Seine Saint Denis. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Membres 2.1 Membres d aujourd hui 2.2 Anciens membres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • absolute — [adj1] without limit complete, consummate, downright, entire, flat out*, free, full, infinite, no catch*, no fine print*, no holds barred*, no ifs ands or buts*, no joke*, no strings attached*, outright, plenary, pure, sheer, simple, straight out …   New thesaurus

  • Absolute — (Реджо ди Калабрия,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Demetrio Tripepi 149, 89125 Реджо д …   Каталог отелей

  • absolute — UK US /ˈæbsəluːt/ adjective ► very great or to the largest degree possible: »The board said they had absolute confidence in the CEO, despite the company s difficulties. ► [before noun] used when expressing a strong opinion: »It s an absolute… …   Financial and business terms

  • absolute — ► ADJECTIVE 1) not qualified or diminished in any way; total. 2) having unlimited power: an absolute ruler. 3) not relative or comparative: absolute moral principles. 4) Grammar (of a construction) syntactically independent of the rest of the… …   English terms dictionary


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